The Greater Picture: Diversity and Inclusion Beyond Race and Gender

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The practice of diversity and inclusion training in workplaces has primarily been viewed through the lens of race and gender. While undoubtedly necessary and relevant, this approach often overlooks several other aspects of diversity, resulting in a simplistic view of what constitutes a diverse workforce. Today, we discuss why expanding our scope beyond race and gender can enrich our workplaces and encourage a more inclusive environment.

The Limits of a Binary View on Diversity

The binary approach to diversity – categorizing differences mainly into race and gender – has limitations. It falls short of capturing the full spectrum of human diversity. It leaves out significant elements like age, religion, socio-economic status, and ability, among others. Research shows that diverse teams perform better, but it’s not just about race and gender; the more varied the experiences and backgrounds of the team members, the richer the ideas and solutions they bring to the table¹.

The Multi-Faceted Nature of Diversity

Diversity is like a beautiful mosaic—each piece, unique in color and shape, contributes to a rich and vibrant whole. It extends beyond the conventional understanding of race and gender, enveloping several other facets of our identity.

Different Dimensions of Diversity


With Baby Boomers delaying retirement and Gen Z entering the workforce, we now see up to five generations working side by side³. This multi-generational workforce brings various experiences, ideas, and approaches, leading to richer, more well-rounded decision-making processes.


A team of individuals with varied educational backgrounds, from liberal arts to STEM, ensures that problems can be examined and solved from multiple angles, leading to more creative and effective solutions⁴.

Mental health

Mental health is a critical yet often overlooked aspect of diversity. Acknowledging it and fostering an environment of understanding and support can significantly enhance employee well-being and productivity.

Non-binary and genderqueer

A person’s gender identity isn’t always confined to traditional binaries. The Human Rights Campaign found that 12% of millennials identify as transgender or gender non-conforming². Having non-binary and genderqueer individuals in a team fosters an environment of understanding and acceptance, creating a safe space for everyone to express their authentic selves.

Physical ability and disability

Despite their hurdles, employees with disabilities can and do make significant contributions to the workforce⁵. They bring unique perspectives and problem-solving skills that can drive innovation.


A team that respects and understands religious diversity is more likely to be compassionate and considerate, leading to a more harmonious work environment.

Socio-economic status

Socio-economic diversity encourages empathy and can break down class barriers. Employees from lower socio-economic backgrounds can bring resilience and a fresh perspective that often leads to innovative problem-solving.

The Richness of Diverse Work Environments

All these elements of diversity contribute to the richness of a work environment. For instance, a non-binary team member can help the team navigate gender sensitivities with a nuanced perspective. A colleague from a low socio-economic background might devise cost-effective solutions given their unique experience of resource constraints.

A multi-generational team could benefit from the wisdom and experience of older generations and the tech-savviness and adaptability of younger generations. Respecting religious diversity can enhance team cohesion, while different educational backgrounds fuel innovative ideas. Employees with disabilities bring resilience and unique problem-solving capabilities. Finally, acknowledging and supporting mental health diversity can boost team morale and productivity.

A diverse workplace is thus like a mosaic—rich, colorful, and more beautiful for its variety.

Intersectionality in Diversity and Inclusion

Intersectionality, a concept introduced by legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw, refers to the interconnected nature of social categorizations like race, class, and gender as they apply to a given individual or group⁶. This concept recognizes that these aspects of identity don’t exist independently but are interwoven and can compound to create unique experiences and challenges.

For example, a woman of color might face sexism in her workplace and racism—both of which combine to present a unique set of challenges distinct from those faced by white women or men of color. In another case, an elderly, disabled person could experience discrimination based on physical ability and age.

Understanding intersectionality is essential in diversity and inclusion training, as it helps us recognize and address the multiple layers of discrimination that individuals face.

Integrating a Broader Understanding of Diversity in Training Programs

Our diversity and inclusion programs must evolve to bring this broader understanding to life. Here are some strategies:

Inclusive language – Implement inclusive language that respects all aspects of diversity. This can involve simple changes, such as using “they” as a singular pronoun or avoiding gendered job titles.

Diverse representation – Ensure training materials and discussions represent the broad range of diversity present in our workplaces.

Tackle unconscious bias – Expand unconscious bias training to cover biases related to these lesser-discussed aspects of diversity.

Benefits of Expanding the Scope of Diversity and Inclusion Training

The benefits of expanding diversity and inclusion training are multi-faceted and substantial. A study by Deloitte revealed that organizations with inclusive cultures were eight times more likely to achieve better business outcomes⁷.

Diversity fosters a sense of belonging, which can significantly boost employee engagement. For example, a Gallup study found that highly engaged teams show 21% greater profitability⁸.

Inclusion training can also enhance understanding and respect among team members. When individuals feel valued and respected, it can lead to increased collaboration. Teams with high levels of diversity and inclusion are known to be more innovative and responsive to change.

Expanding our scope of diversity acknowledges the unique experiences of all individuals, which creates an environment of mutual respect, collaboration, and engagement, ultimately leading to better organizational performance.

Overcoming Challenges in Expanding Diversity and Inclusion Training

Expanding diversity and inclusion training may encounter several challenges. One major hurdle is resistance to change, which can stem from fear or misunderstanding. To overcome this, education and open dialogue are essential. Providing clear communication about the benefits of diversity can help alleviate these fears. For example, discussing how diverse teams are more innovative can help win over skeptics.

Another challenge could be a lack of awareness. Implementing workshops or seminars that enlighten team members about different aspects of diversity can help increase awareness. These could include sessions on understanding non-binary identities or the experiences of people from different socio-economic backgrounds.

Finally, resource constraints may pose a problem, especially for smaller organizations. Here, innovative and cost-effective solutions like online training modules or resource sharing between organizations can be effective.

The Future of Diversity and Inclusion Training

Expanding diversity and inclusion training beyond race and gender is essential for cultivating a truly inclusive work environment. This broader approach fosters more profound understanding and respect, boosting employee engagement and collaboration and ultimately benefiting the organization. In the future, organizations must commit to this expanded scope of diversity and inclusion, embracing aspects like socio-economic status, age, religion, education, physical ability, and mental health. By acknowledging and appreciating the multi-faceted nature of diversity, we create more prosperous, more vibrant workplaces that genuinely represent and respect the diversity of our world.



  1. Why diverse teams are smarter 
  2. Understanding the Transgender Community 
  3. Leading a multigenerational workforce 
  4. The Benefits of a Bigger Tent 
  5. The Disability Inclusion Advantage 
  6. Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex 
  7. Why Inclusive Teams Are More Innovative 
  8. The Relationship Between Engagement at Work and Organizational Outcomes